Différences entre versions de « École polytechnique »

 
== Autres écrits ==
{{Citation|Les deux grandes forces intellectuelles qui, au cours du dix-neuvième siècle, ont transformé la pensée sociale - à savoir le socialisme moderne et l'espèce de positivisme moderne, que nous préférons appeler scientisme - sont sorties directement de ce groupe d'ingénieurs et de scientifiques professionnels qui s'est développé à Paris, et plus particulièrement de cette nouvelle institution qui incarne comme nulle autre l'esprit nouveau : l'École polytechnique.|langue=en|original=Both the two great intellectual forces which in the course of the nineteenth century transformed social thought modern socialism and that species of modern positivism, which we prefer to call scientism, spring directly from this body of professional scientists and engineers which grew up in Paris, and more particularly from the new institution which embodied the new spirit as no other, the Ecole polytechnique.|précisions=Traduit par Wikiquote.}}
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{{Citation|Non seulement dans l'éducation secondaire mais bien plus également dans l'enseignement supérieur, la Convention révolutionnaire avait crée un nouveau type d'institution qui devait perdurer ainsi qu'un modèle imité par le monde entier : l'École polytechnique.|langue=en|original=Not only in secondary education but still more so in higher education the Revolutionary Convention had created a new type of institution which was to become permanently established and a model imitated by the whole world: the Ecole Polytechnique.|précisions=Traduit par Wikiquote.}}
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{{Citation|langue=en|original=The institution had only existed for a few years when it had become famous all over Europe, and the first interval of peace in 1801-2 brought Volta, Count Rumford and Alexander von Humboldt on pilgrimage to the new temple of science.|précisions=Traduit par Wikiquote.}}
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{{Citation|langue=en|original=The very type of the engineer with his characteristic outlook, ambitions, and limitations was here created. That synthetic spirit which would not recognize sense in anything that had not been deliberately con-
structed, that love of organization that springs from the twin sources of military and engineering practices, 33 the aesthetic predilection for everything that had been consciously constructed over anything that
had "just grown," was a strong new element which was added to and in the course of time even began to replace the revolutionary ardor of the young polytechnicians. The peculiar characteristics of this new type who, as it has been said, "prided themselves on having more precise and more satisfactory solutions than anyone else for all political, religious and social questions," 34 and who "ventured to create a religion as one learns at the Ecole to build a bridge or a road" 35 was early noticed, and their propensity to become socialists has often been pointed out.|précisions=Traduit par Wikiquote.}}
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