La Maison impériale de France désigne la dynastie impériale française et ses branches collatérales. Elle est issue de la maison Bonaparte, une famille patricienne corse originaire d'Italie, reconnue noble en France sous l'Ancien régime, et devenue Maison impériale suite à l'élévation de Napoléon Bonaparte à la dignité d'empereur des français le 18 mai 1804.
Analyses génétiques modifier
- (en) Origins analysis "Napoleon Bonaparte": with the help of a 37 Marker profile and a Deep-Clade test, iGENEA, the institute for origins analysis, has analysed Napoleons origins. Haplogroup: Napoleon belonged to haplogroup E1b1b1c1*. This group originated approximately 7.000 years ago at the east cost of the Mediterranean Sea between and Egypt and Turkey. Today this haplogroup can most frequently be found in Israel, the palestinian territories and Libanon. Also 10% of ashkenazi and sephardic Jews belong to that haplogroup. Ancient tribe and region of origin: The profile of Napoleon is rather rare. Similar profiles can be found among sephardic Jews, in Greece and Italy. It is not sure, when Napoleons ancestors moved to Italy from the Near East. They could have sailed across the Mediterranean Sea as phoenician or greek merchants 2.000 to 3.000 years ago. Also a jewish ancestry of Napoleon can not be excluded. A hint to Napoleons ancestry is already given by the genealogy of his family: One of his ancestors, Francesco Buonaparte, has been called "il Mauro". His ancestors can be traced back to the city of Sarzana in northern Italy. In the the Middle ages this city has frequently been under attack by Saracens who controlled the Mediterranean Sea at this time. Therefore, Napoleons arabian ancestors probably came to Italy during the islamic expansion as conqueror or merchants.
- (en) « The genetic origins analysis of the Napleon-DNA-Profile », Igenea (trad. Wikiquote), Igenea d'après une étude de décembre 2011 du professeur Lucotte paru sur Biology Research (Haplogroup of the Y Chromosome of Napoléon the First), 31.12.2011, p. 1 (lire en ligne)